SPM Additional Mathematics 2018, Paper 2 (Question 13 & 14)


Question 13:
Table 2 shows the information related to four ingredients, J, K, L and M, used in the production of a type of energy drinks.


The production cost for this energy drinks is RM47600 in the year 2017.
(a) If the price of ingredient K in the year 2013 is RM4.20, find its price in the year 2017.
(b) Percentage of usage for several ingredients was given in Table 2.
Calculate the corresponding production cost in the year 2013.
(c) The production cost is expected to increase by 50% from the year 2017 to the year 2019.
Calculate the percentage of changes in production cost from the year 2013 to the year 2019.

Solution:
(a)
P 2017 P 2013 ×100=120 P 2017 4.20 ×100=120 P 2017 = 4.20 100 ×120 P 2017 =RM5.04


(b)

Percentage of usage of ingredient L =( 100101050 )% =30% Composite index for the production cost in the year 2017  based on the year 2013,  I ¯ I ¯ = IW W I ¯ = ( 140 )( 10 )+( 120 )( 10 )+( 160 )( 30 )+( 90 )( 50 ) 10+10+30+50 I ¯ = 11900 100 I ¯ =119 P 2017 P 2013 ×100=119 47600 P 2013 ×100=119 P 2013 =47600× 100 119 P 2013 =RM40000 The production cost in the year 2013 is RM40000.


(c)

year 2013  +19%  year 2017  +50%  year 2019 Expected composite index for the year 2019 based on the year 2013,   I ¯ =119× 150 100 =178.5 Percentage of changes =[ 178.5100 ]% =78.5%


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