2.10 Quadratic Equations, SPM Practice (Paper 2)


2.10 Quadratic Equations, SPM Practice (Paper 2)

Question 1:
(a)  Find the values of k if the equation (1 – k) x2– 2(k + 5)x + k + 4 = 0 has real and equal roots.
Hence, find the roots of the equation based on the values of k obtained.
(b)  Given the curve y = 5 + 4x x2 has tangen equation in the form y = px + 9. Calculate the possible values of p.

Solutions:
(a)
For equal roots,
b2 – 4ac = 0
[–2(k + 5)] 2 – 4(1 – k)( k + 4) = 0
4(k + 5) 2 – 4(1 – k)( k + 4) = 0
4(k2 + 10k + 25) – 4(4 – 3k k2) = 0
4k2 + 40k + 100 – 16 + 12k + 4k2 = 0
8k2 + 52k + 84 = 0
2k2 + 13k + 21 = 0
(2k + 7) (+ 3) = 0
k = 7 2 ,   3

If k = 7 2  , the equation is
( 1 + 7 2 ) x 2 2 ( 7 2 + 5 ) x 7 2 + 4 = 0 9 2 x 2 3 x + 1 2 = 0  

9x2 – 6x + 1 = 0
(3x – 1) (3x – 1) = 0
x =

If k = –3, the equation is
(1 + 3)x 2 – 2(–3 + 5)x – 3 + 4 = 0
4x2 – 4x + 1 = 0
(2x – 1) (2x – 1) = 0
x = ½

(b)
y = 5 + 4x x2 ----- (1)
y = px + 9 ---------- (2)
(1)  = (2), 5 + 4x x2= px + 9
x2 + px – 4x + 9 – 5 = 0
x2 + (p – 4)x + 4 = 0

Tangen equation only has one intersection point with equal roots.
b2 – 4ac = 0
(p – 4)2 – 4(1)(4) = 0
p2 – 8p + 16 – 16 = 0
p2 – 8p = 0
p (p – 8) = 0
Therefore, p = 0 and p = 8.



Question 2:
Given α and β are two roots of the quadratic equation (2x + 5)(x + 1) + p = 0 where αβ = 3 and p is a constant.
Find the value p, α and of β.

Solutions:
(2x + 5)(x + 1) + p = 0
2x2 + 2x + 5x + 5 + p = 0
2x2 + 7x + 5 + p = 0
*Compare with, x2– (sum of roots)x + product of roots = 0
x 2 + 7 2 x + 5 + p 2 = 0 divide both  sides with 2
Product of roots, αβ = 3
5 + p 2 = 3  
5 + p = 6
p = 1

Sum of roots = 7 2  
   α + β = 7 2    (1) and  α β = 3     (2) from (2),  β = 3 α     (3) Substitute (3) into (1), α + 3 α = 7 2  

2+ 6 = 7α ← (multiply both sides with 2α)
2+ 7α + 6 = 0
(2α + 3)(α + 2) = 0
2α + 3 = 0   or α + 2 = 0
α=− 3 2    α = –2

Substitute  α = 3 2  into (3), β = 3 3 2 = 3 ( 2 3 ) = 2

Substitute α = –2 into (3),
β = 3 2   p = 1 ,  and when  α = 3 2 , β = 2  and  α = 2 , β = 3 2 .


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